Presently, Dr. Darrell Ross is the Chair of the Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Criminal Justice at Valdosta State University and is the Director for the Center for Applied Social Sciences. From 2006 to 2010, he was the Director of The School of Law Enforcement & Justice Administration at Western Illinois University, Macomb, Illinois. From 1992 to 2006 Dr. Ross taught criminal justice courses at East Carolina University, Greenville, NC and was the Director of the Forensic Sciences program. He was the Chair of the department from 1999 to 2002. He was awarded the Scholar of the year award by the ECU Department of Criminal Justice in 2006, the Distinguished Scholar/Professor Award by the ECU Chancellor in April 2004 and in 1997 he was awarded the “Outstanding Teaching Award,” by the NC Criminal Justice Educators Association. From 1985 to 1992 he worked for the Criminal Justice Institute at Ferris State University, Big Rapids, MI. While at CJI he conducted research and provided training for police and correctional agencies, taught subject control tactics, arrest procedures, crisis intervention and responding to the mentally ill, and physical conditioning in the police academy, and also taught academic courses at FSU. He was a 13 year veteran with the MI Department of Corrections, working at SPSM as an officer, cell block Unit Manager, a probation officer, and academy instructor. As Unit Mgr. he supervised16 officers, 2, assistants, 2 psychiatrists, 1 psychologist, and 500 mentally ill prisoners.   Dr. Ross received his Ph. D. from Michigan State University in 1992 and his Dissertation was on “Citizen Resistance During Police Arrest.” He has completed the Executive Management and Leadership Institute at the Kennedy School Government, Harvard University (1999). He has published 84 articles, 4 books, 4 book chapters, and writes articles for and Elsevier/Anderson Publishing, published his book on Civil Liability in Criminal Justice (6th ed. 2013) and Humana Press published he and Dr. Ted Chan’s book on Sudden Deaths In Custody (2006). Dr. Ross has performed research on: the impact of stress, human factors, and officer perception during lethal force encounters; the impact of stress and contextual cues on human performance and decision making during lethal force encounters; patterns of subject resistance during arrest and during detention; use of force policy development; failure to train and use of force liability issues; the myths and realities of the police use of force; liability issues and sudden in-custody deaths; excited delirium deaths in police custody; restraint asphyxia deaths; liability issues and sudden deaths associated with ECDs, risk factors and unexpected in custody deaths; custodial deaths in jails; administrative liability issues; a risk management analysis of police and detention agencies; liability issues for emergency response teams; prisoner assaults on correction officers; liability issues of suicides in jails and prison. His research has been presented nationally, at Oxford University, Oxford England, in Canada, in Australia, in Hong Kong, and in Taiwan. He is performing a yearlong national research with 20 police agencies on prone restraint with violent arrestees.   Dr. Ross has made over 600 national/international conference presentations on these and other subjects. He has provided consulting and training services for police & correctional agencies, private corporate and security agencies, and the military, nationally and internationally. He has been a consultant to the National Institute of Justice; IL and MI State Police; NC, IL, MI, FL, and OH Training Standards Commission; NC Highway Patrol; NC Justice Academy; NC Department of Corrections; NC Jail Administrators; National Institute of Corrections; American Corrections Association; American Jail Association; Alaska Department of Corrections; the Federal Bureau of Prisons; MI Department of Corrections and Jail Services Division; Attorney’s General Office in 6 states; the NC and KS Bureau of Investigation; U.S. Attorney’s General Office in FL; Governmental Risk Managers in 2 states; Hong Kong Correctional Services, Canada and Australia’s Sudden Death Task Force; and Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Dr. Ross is serving as an expert with DOJ/ NIJ’s scientific technology working group on Excited Delirium deaths (EXD).   Since 1988 Dr. Ross has been retained as an expert witness providing testimony in 29 states on behalf of police, correctional, and private security agencies. He has testified in state and federal courts, both civil and criminal. He routinely provides testimony in: use of  force incidents (lethal & less-lethal), use of force investigations, sudden in-custody deaths, failure to protect in jails, custodial issues in jails/prisons, medical/mental health care and suicide issues in jails, death investigations, and policy, training, personnel, and administrative issues in criminal justice agencies. He has served as a consultant to numerous police and correctional agencies reviewing policies and procedures, internal affairs investigations, officer involved shootings, excessive use of force complaints, custodial death investigations, training issues, emergency response incidents, and wrongful employee discharge incidents.   Dr. Ross is an Advisory Board Member for PPCT/Warrior Science and is the Director of Research. He was awarded the “Excellence in Leadership Award” by PPCT. He regularly certifies police, corrections, the military and private security personnel as instructors in these subject control tactics nationally and internationally.  He has developed 18 training programs, has made 12 training videos, and has been authorized to provide training in 10 states. He and Dr. Chan provide a 3-day instructor training course on Sudden Deaths in Custody based upon their research. 

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